Jounal, Authors and ABSTRACT
Materials Views' Martin Grolms gives the reader some some of the essentials:eg.
For ranking the pitting resistance equivalent (PRE) number is used. PRE is based on the chemical composition of the steel and can be calculated as following:
Increasing some of the parameters, like in this case, the amounts of Cr and N, leads to the development of stainless steel with ultrahigh corrosion resistance - hyperduplex steel. It contains about 27%Cr, 7%Ni, 4.5%Mo, and 0.4%N, so that PRE is equal to 49.
Pitting potential at a fixed temperature and critical pitting temperature (CPT) both increase with the PRE value. For hyperduplex steel CPT values above 90 have been reported. However, precipitation of tertiary phases such as sigma (δ), chi (χ), and Cr2N often decreases the CPT.
At the Brazilian Fluminense Federal University (UFF) investigations were conducted to get a deeper insight into the microstructure and corrosion properties of the new hyperduplex stainless steel.
One of the specimens represented the original hyperduplex tube, while the other ones were produced by six different thermal procedures.
The experimental procedure and results are further summarised in Materials views
“The first application of hyperduplex stainless steels seems to be as heat exchange tubes used in the petroleum platforms in Brazil”, says Sérgio S.M. Tavares from UFF. “The material has mechanical and corrosion resistance superior to superduplex steels, which makes it very attractive in the off-shore equipments. High Cr and Mo content makes it more susceptible to embrittlement phenomena associated to intermetallic precipitation. The challenge lies in the development of reliable welding procedures for the hyperduplex steel”.